What is Computer Introduction to Computer System


What is Computer Introduction to Computer System

What is Computer Introduction to Computer SystemToday, Computer is widely used and we must know what is Computer Introduction to Computer System. A Computer is an electronics device that accepts input, process data and produce output. A Computer is a programmable device that can store, retrieve and process data. An Input can be a single word or digit or sentence. Same is the case with output. But processing input data depends upon the program stored in Computer memory. In modern days, we see personal Computer, Laptops in every house. But several years ago no such personal Computers was there. A simple mechanical device like Abacus and Slide rule acts as simple Computer.



Definition of Computer: What is Computer Introduction to Computer System

The term Computer is derived from a Latin word “Computare” which means “To Calculate”. A Computer is a machine that performs processes, calculations and Operations based on instructions provided by a software or hardware program.  A Computer is a programmable machine responds according to program installed in memory. It executes a set of instructions in well designed manner. It executes a pre-recorded list of instructions. A computer is said complete, when it comprises both Software and Hardware.  It is really a wonderful creation by humans. It is a real fact that “Computer cannot do anything without a program”.  After producing output a computer stores the result on secondary memory.  The hardware installed in Computer is Input device, Output device, Central Processing Unit (CPU), Memory (Disk drives, Tape drives, SSDs, Magnetic Tape). 
So the specified definition about what is Computer is simplified above. Many other terms which are used in definition are Input, Output, Processing, Hardware, Software, Program, Memory and CPU. In this page we will discuss concise information about all used terms. A computer is an advanced electronic device that takes raw data as input from the user and processes these data under the control of set of instructions and gives the result and saves output for the future use.
So the specified definition about what is Computer is simplified above. Many other terms which are used in definition are Input, Output, Processing, Hardware, Software, Program, Memory and CPU. In this page we will discuss concise information about all used terms.

Input (Data) – Input is raw information that is sent to a computer or machine for processing. This input (data) is sent to a computer using an input device. The input device can be keyboard, mouse, scanner, microphone, joystick and webcam. Whenever we press “Hello” through keyboard it acts as input.

Output (Data) – A processed input data shown on output devices are called as Output (Data). When input is provided to computer it processes the data and produce output. Some of the output devices are Monitor, Printers, Plotters, Projector, Speakers, Head Phone etc.

CPU (Central Processing Unit) – CPU is called as the Brain of Computer. CPU is the hardware component of the Computer. It is the central component of the computer system. It is simply called as microprocessor or processor. All computer functions and operation are performed through Central Processing unit (CPU).

Memory Memory is any physical device capable of storing information temporarily or permanent Like Cache memory, RAM, ROM and External Storage etc. or a piece of equipment on which information can be stored.

Program/ Software - A set of instructions or codes compiled and run on computer is called program. There are two types of memory RAM and ROM. 

Hardware - Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. It includes the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. It also includes parts inside the computer case like hard disk drive, motherboard, video card etc. Computer hardware is what you can physically touch.

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